A passport is a travel document issued by the government of a state to its citizens. Today, it is one of the most requested documents to prove its identity. In addition, it is an identity document that allows its holder to travel abroad. And above all, it allows you to travel to countries all over the world (where the identity card allows you to travel to some countries of the European Union for example). When a passport is created, it is valid for 10 years for adults and 5 years for minors.
Individuals seeking entry to a country other than their own as tourists, students or workers, must follow certain procedures. And sometimes they even have to ask for authorizations. It is generally required to cross a border and may be combined with a visa. The ICAO (International Civil Aviation Organization) standardises passports with its Document 9303. It defines shared general characteristics for passports to facilitate border controls. Most passports issued throughout the world respect this standard. And passport verification service meet also these standards.
A passport contains information that identifies a person. Such as first and last names, sex, date and place of birth, an identifying photograph, the holder’s signature and often physical characteristics. A passport generally comes in booklet format. It has a page with personal data containing the holder’s photo. The passport also includes many security features. First of all, it includes a machine-readable zone (MRZ) of two lines of 44 characters. Then, the paper used meets standards and reacts to some lights (ultraviolet and infrared).
Some states, especially in the European Union, are phasing in the requirement to include biometric data into chips. In order to strengthen an individual’s identity control, the biometric passport stores a digital image of owner’s fingerprints. This development strengthens identity control and also helps in the fight against identity fraud.
Despite these security criteria, criminals continue to forge passports and other identity documents. And thus identity fraud persists. It is sometimes impossible to detect a falsified passport with the naked eye. That is why a passport verification service that checks automatically the authenticity of id document is necessary. This allows to meet different requests :